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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar


Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Ideology as a Contextual Factor in Metaphor Production


Traditional conceptual metaphor theory regards embodiment as the most important motivation for metaphor production. Since the emergence of metaphor in discourse was emphasized (Cameron 2009; Semino 2008; Zinken et al. 2008), the context of metaphor, which can also influence the actual metaphor use, has been receiving more and more attention. As a result, embodiment is regarded as just one of the contextual factors among others which motivate metaphor selection. This paper focuses on ideology, viewed as part of the context, which has a key role in the alternative conceptualizations of TRIANON1. It analyzes metaphors from discourses about Trianon and identifies their ideological motivation. The goal of the study is to trace back the global level of ideologies on the basis of the discourse metaphors. Similarly to embodiment, ideology is here considered a universal potential, the concrete realization of which occurs in actual discourses, leading to metaphor variation. The study hypothesizes that the application of particular metaphors in actual discourses is the result of a(n unconscious) selection process among the vast number of conceptual metaphors stored in the sender’s (writer, speaker) conceptual system affected by contextual factors (ideology and embodiment) working at the same time.

1.  Introduction

1.1  Historical Background

On 4 June 1920, at the end of World War I, the Treaty of Trianon was signed between the representatives of Hungary, the successor state of Austria-Hungary, and the Allies at the Grand Trianon Palace of Versailles, France. The peace agreement regulated...

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