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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar


Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Politicians-are-Animals Metaphor in Scenarios of Breeding and Hunting in Polish Political Discourse


This paper traces conceptual mappings between the source domain of ANIMALS and the target domain of POLITICS/POLITICIANS (as well as their entailments) as found in Polish public discourse in the period between 2010 and 2014. Such mappings tend to be readily exploited by politicians and the media due to their conspicuous axiological function (Krzeszowski 1990; 1997). Scenarios of chasing, hunting, shooting and natural selection present in current political discourse rely heavily on shared connotations (or worldviews, Bartmiński 1990; 2007, Tokarski 1998) with reference to specific animals, successfully implying criticism or abuse, and thus revealing the role of metaphor as a pragmatic category. This analysis applies selected constructs and tools of cognitive semantics (Lakoff & Johnson 1980; Langacker 1987; Lakoff 1987; Lakoff & Turner 1989) in identifying such metaphorical mappings with a view of language as a reflection of culture. It also touches upon the notion of intertextuality understood as conceptual blending (Fauconnier & Turner 1998, 2002; Van Heerden 2008).

“Polityka to świat darwinowski. Jedynym jej celem jest władza” (Politics is a Darwinian world. Its sole purpose is power) (Passent 2014)

1.  Inspiration for THis Study

The vivid language of the media abounds in provocative remarks, catchy phrases, similes and allusions, engaging the public through a repertoire of conceptualizations which can be activated thanks to the widely shared encyclopaedic knowledge (Haiman 1980; Fillmore 1982; Langacker 1987). Even a cursory glance at the press headlines and a brief examination of readily cited...

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