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The Social Side of Tourism: The Interface between Tourism, Society, and the Environment

Answers to Global Questions from the International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT)


Edited By Michael Lück, Jan Velvin and Bernd Eisenstein

The International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT) covers various areas of research. ICNT’s third book offers insights of tourism experts with a wide range of interest and expertise on the way tourism is understood and worked in different countries around the world. The volume analyses the interface between the social, the natural, and the economic environments and focuses on an increase of competitive advantages and local value creation. This includes the social and cultural perspectives of host communities and tourists.
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Author Bios


Kristian Bjørnstad is a Ph.D-candidate at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences and holds the position as secretariat director of the Norwegian Parks Association. He has years of experience as development advisor for regional parks and world heritage areas in Norway, and has been central in developing a national system of regional parks in Norway. He is currently actively building a new Nordic network of regional parks. Research interests focus on park development processes, European regional parks, protected areas and rural development.

David Di Tota completed his Bachelor of Commerce in Hospitality and Tourism Management at Ryerson University in Toronto (Canada) and Auckland University of Technology in Auckland (New Zealand) after graduating with Honours from the Small and Medium Enterprise Management program at Algonquin College in Ottawa (Canada). He spent over eight years working at the operations level for a number of luxury hotel brands in Ontario (Canada), and in early 2013 he began his professional career as a Management Consultant with Carpedia International, focusing predominantly on efficiency management within the hotel and restaurant industry.

Dr Bernd Eisenstein is Professor for International Tourism Management at Westcoast University of Applied Sciences in Heide, Germany, and since 2006 he has been the director of the Institute for Management and Tourism (IMT) of the Westcoast University of Applied Sciences. He completed his Dipl.-Kaufmann and Dipl.-Geograph at Trier University where he subsequently completed his doctorate, supervised by Prof. Christoph Becker. Bernd had lecturing positions at Trier University...

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