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Contemporary Approaches in Education

Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan

Contemporary Approaches in Education presents papers of the Fifth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Sixth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in Selcuk, Izmir, Turkey. The contributions deal with a wide range of educational issues, namely teaching and learning, educational policy and school psychology.
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Students’ Reasons for Attending Private Courses and their Views on them: The case of Turkey

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Introduction

Private courses in Turkey are institutions that were first established for science, language, and art education. In the beginning, they were thought of like “private schools”, but then they were turned into private courses for supporting regular schools. Today, functioning as supporting institutions and preparing students for the entrance exams in high school and university, they have become educational institutions appreciated both by students and the parents who worry about the future of their children. In Turkey, going to a private course is seen as a determinative factor in being successful at university entrance exams. The students and their parents think that it is almost impossible to be successful in exams without going to private courses (Ayvaci & Er Nas, 2009; Dikici & Isik, 2001; Ozdemir, 2001; Turan & Alaz, 2007). In particular, the competition for university entrance exams is the leading factor that determines whether the students to go to private courses (Bray, 1999). The research studies related to private schools show that going to a private course positively affects a student’s success in passing the university entrance exam. They highlight that the course contents in the regular schools are not compatible with the content of the university entrance exam and that the regular schools cannot prepare the students for the university entrance exam. Private courses, especially in recent years, have often been on the agenda in Turkey and are also a regular subject of debate. The present study aims to retrieve the opinions...

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