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Dyslexia and Traumatic Experiences

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Edited By Evelin Witruk, Shally Novita, Yumi Lee and Dian Sari Utami

This book focuses on dyslexia and traumatic experiences. It strives towards fostering a scientific exchange that promotes emergence of synergy effects and real progress in the understanding of dyslexia, psychological trauma, and stress experiences, as well as special methodological problems of qualitative research. The international and interdisciplinary team includes authors from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, South Africa, South Korea, Iran, China, Portugal, and Germany. The main topics of the book relate to dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon, to traumatic experiences, to intervention methods and to some special methodical problems, particularly in qualitative research methods.
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Shally Novita & Evelin Witruk - Emotional Consequences of Children with Dyslexia: An Overview from a Cross-cultural Perspective

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Shally Novita1 & Evelin Witruk2

1 Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LifBi), Germany

2 University of Leipzig, Germany

Emotional Consequences of Children with Dyslexia: An Overview from a Cross-cultural Perspective

Abstract. For more than a decade, the emotional impacts of dyslexia on the lives of individuals have been studied from different aims and perspectives. However, most studies on this topic have been conducted in a single cultural context. This study investigated the cross-cultural differences between children with and without dyslexia, specifically in respect of their anxiety and self-esteem profiles. A total of 124 children with and without dyslexia from Germany and Indonesia participated in this study. They were comparable in age (8–11 year olds), school grade (third and fourth grade) and IQ (> 73). All children were administered an IQ test (CFT-20R) and completed two questionnaires (i.e., Spence’s Children Anxiety Scale and The General List of Self-esteem for Children and Adolescent). This study cannot provide significant results for hypotheses proposed. However, weak-medium effect sizes were reported for the effect of dyslexia on anxiety (d = -.21), dyslexia on self-esteem (d = .34) and different anxiety levels of German and Indonesian children (d = -.31).

Keywords: anxiety, self-esteem, dyslexia, cross-culture.

1 Introduction

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that has a neurobiological origin (Lyon, Shaywitz, & Shaywitz, 2003) and has no significant relationship with IQ (Witruk & Eichhorn, 2012). According to Betz and Breuninger (1993), children...

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