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Dyslexia and Traumatic Experiences


Edited By Evelin Witruk, Shally Novita, Yumi Lee and Dian Sari Utami

This book focuses on dyslexia and traumatic experiences. It strives towards fostering a scientific exchange that promotes emergence of synergy effects and real progress in the understanding of dyslexia, psychological trauma, and stress experiences, as well as special methodological problems of qualitative research. The international and interdisciplinary team includes authors from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, South Africa, South Korea, Iran, China, Portugal, and Germany. The main topics of the book relate to dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon, to traumatic experiences, to intervention methods and to some special methodical problems, particularly in qualitative research methods.
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Nadia Hanum & Konrad Reschke - Indonesian Driver’s Behavior: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after Accident caused by Bad Driving Practice


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Nadia Hanum & Konrad Reschke

University of Leipzig, Germany

Indonesian Driver’s Behavior: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after Accident caused by Bad Driving Practice

Abstract. In the year 2014 a study of Indonesian driver’s behavior took place. The difficult driving situation and high number of traffic accidents in Indonesia were described. There is no developed Traffic Psychology in Indonesia. Also, there is a lack of methods to analyze the driving behavior. That’s why the Manchester Driving Behavior Questionnaire was translated and used to carry out a Pilot study to find out some results of the quality and problems of Indonesian drivers. The Manchester Driving Behavior Questionnaire was answered by 299 drivers of three cities (regions) in Indonesia. The driver characteristics were assessed by an additional form. The first time driver behavior of Indonesian drivers (car, bus, truck, motorcycle and bicycle) was described by the scales: Aggressive Violation; Ordinary Violation; Errors; Lapses. One result was accidents caused by bad driving behavior can lead to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Other results will be discussed shortly.

Keywords: traffic and transportation psychology, driving behavior, trauma.

1 Introduction

Indonesia covers a total area of 9.8 million square kilometers (km2). As an archipelago, it comprises a sea area of 7.9 million km (including an exclusive economic zone), or 81 % of the total area, and a land area of about 1.9 million km2. It is also a country with many volcanoes and rivers....

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