Edited By Evelin Witruk, Shally Novita, Yumi Lee and Dian Sari Utami
Dian Sari Utami & Guangshu Gu - Families in Trauma: Potential Problems and Determinant Factors of Parent-Child Relationship in China and Indonesia
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Dian Sari Utami1,2 & Guangshu Gu3
1 Islamic University of Indonesia, Indonesia
2 University of Leipzig, Germany
3 Wuhan Textile University, China
Families in Trauma: Potential Problems and Determinant Factors of Parent-Child Relationship in China and Indonesia
Abstract. Family environment has a strong influence on its members, both parents and children, but especially for children, as the impact of parent-child relationships will influence their future life. Currently in China and Indonesia, many problems arise in parent-child relationships which have negative effects on children’s mental health. Crises in families due to lack of positive parent-child relationships impact children’s emotions, personality, learning, and social behavior. The aim of this study was to describe the potential problems and protective factors in parent-child relationships in families who have experienced trauma in Indonesia and China based on a culturally informed perspective. Literature review was used as a method to understand the protective factors in parent-child relationships. Building family values orientation (e.g., trust) and enhancing non-violent communication are suggested as primary prevention to help to create positive parent-child relationships, family resilience, and enhanced family well-being.
Keywords: parent-child relationships, parenting problems, risk factors, protective factors, family values.
Families at risk are currently an issue in countries with high population, density and demographical changes such as China and Indonesia. In 2013, according to World Bank’s Data, China had the largest population in the world and Indonesia...
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