Edited By Evelin Witruk, Shally Novita, Yumi Lee and Dian Sari Utami
Dian Veronika Sakti Kaloeti & Evelin Witruk - Prison Parenting Rehabilitation Programs as a way to Reduce Traumatic Experience Caused by Parental Incarceration
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Dian Veronika Sakti Kaloeti & Evelin Witruk
University of Leipzig, Germany
Prison Parenting Rehabilitation Programs as a way to Reduce Traumatic Experience Caused by Parental Incarceration
Abstract. Parental incarceration has a detrimental effect on children’s lives. Research indicates these children are traumatized by separation from their parents, confused by the parent’s actions, experience instability and are stigmatized by the shame of their parent situation. Incarcerated children are also at higher risk of experiencing other traumas such as neglect. It is shown that imprisonment disrupts the positive relationship between parents and their children. Maintaining family contact during incarceration can be beneficial to both children and their parents. Research demonstrates that strengthening positive family connections through rehabilitative parenting programs during incarceration and after incarceration can yield positive societal benefits in the form of reduced recidivism. These programs which aim to enhance parent child relationship, on the same line can also promote of healthy child development. This article aims to present the hardship resulting from parental incarceration and to summarize the effects of maintaining parent-child relationships during incarceration. The brief also highlights key factors that should be considered when developing programs, and provide several recommendations and program strategies for incarcerated parents. The opportunity, and challenging situation regarding Indonesia’s prison rehabilitation context is also discussed.
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