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Dyslexia and Traumatic Experiences


Edited By Evelin Witruk, Shally Novita, Yumi Lee and Dian Sari Utami

This book focuses on dyslexia and traumatic experiences. It strives towards fostering a scientific exchange that promotes emergence of synergy effects and real progress in the understanding of dyslexia, psychological trauma, and stress experiences, as well as special methodological problems of qualitative research. The international and interdisciplinary team includes authors from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, South Africa, South Korea, Iran, China, Portugal, and Germany. The main topics of the book relate to dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon, to traumatic experiences, to intervention methods and to some special methodical problems, particularly in qualitative research methods.
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Bodo Krause - Methodische Entwicklungen in der qualitativen Persönlichkeitsforschung (Method Development in Qualitative Personality Research)


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Bodo Krause

Humboldt-University of Berlin, Germany

Methodische Entwicklungen in der qualitativen Persönlichkeitsforschung (Method Development in Qualitative Personality Research)

Abstract: Scientific research comes increasingly into question about the reliability of qualitative findings in Personality Psychology. Beside some fallacies, it arises also the deficiencies of methodological investigation as antecedents. This is illustrated by three examples within the scope of the complex conclusion in the qualitative research of personality; it will be discussed and evaluated. The starting point is the unit of building reasonable hypotheses, appropriate study design (survey), feasible data evaluation and analysis, including the adequate interpretation of the findings. These methodological requirements on empirical studies, involving in three complex topics: the causes and developments of factor models, the item-response models, and the reliability assessment. In all ranges, it would be new, advance accesses developed, which also differentiate the capture of the phenomenon range, facilitate further development of theoretical background, and bring about practical usage.

Zusammenfassung. Zunehmend stellen wissenschaftliche Recherchen die Verlässlichkeit insbesondere qualitativer Befunde in der Persönlichkeitsforschung infrage. Neben Täuschungen stellen sich vor allem methodische Unzulänglichkeiten der Untersuchung als Ursachen heraus. Dies wird an drei Beispielen dargestellt und im Rahmen der komplexen Zusammenhänge in der qualitativen Persönlichkeitsforschung diskutiert und bewertet. Ausgangspunkt ist die Einheit von begründeter Hypothesenbildung, angemessener Versuchsplanung (Untersuchung) und zulässiger Datenauswertung und –analyse sowie der adäquaten Interpretation der Befunde. Dies begründet methodische Anforderungen an empirische Untersuchungen, deren...

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