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From Humanism to Meta-, Post- and Transhumanism?

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Edited By Irina Deretić and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner

The relationship between humanism, metahumanism, posthumanism and transhumanism is one of the most pressing topics concerning many current cultural, social, political, ethical and individual challenges. There have been a great number of uses of the various terms in history. Meta-, post- and transhumanism have in common that they reject the categorically dualist understanding of human beings inherent in humanism.
The essays in this volume consider the relevant historical discourses, important contemporary philosophical reflections and artistic perspectives on this subject-matter. The goal is to obtain a multifaceted survey of the concepts, the relationship of the various concepts and their advantages as well as their disadvantages. Leading scholars of many different traditions, countries and disciplines have contributed to this collection.
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Hans Otto Seitschek, LMU Munich - Christian Humanism: An Alternative Concept of Humanism

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Hans Otto Seitschek

LMU Munich

Christian Humanism: An Alternative Concept of Humanism

Introduction: Roots of Christian Humanism

Humanism, naturalistic or secular, sees the human being in the center of this universe. Everything originates from the human and is dedicated to the human being. This kind of humanism is in general agnostic. Only human needs, not divine needs or interests or abilities are of interest. Normative systems are made up only by humans and even human nature can be influenced and improved by humans themselves, resulting in trans-humanism or post-humanism using recent bio-chemical and genetic knowledge, and, moreover, Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution. But is this all possible? Not without doubt.

Christian humanism emphasizes education in general. Of course, Christian education, like a classic one, incorporates theological or ecclesiastical and philosophical education, and also stresses knowing the Holy Scripture in the original Hebrew and Greek language. The European University has Christian roots in the schools in or near monasteries and cathedrals, for instance the School of Chartres. The basis of the curriculum there was the seven liberal arts (septem artes liberales), consisting in the trivium, with grammar, logic, and rhetoric, and the quadrivium, with arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy. The seven liberal arts – we still know the degrees “Bachelor of Arts” and “Master of Arts” – have their origin in Greek antiquity in Plato’s Politeia, book VII, in the work of the Roman rhetor Quintilian, in St Augustine’s work,...

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