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From Humanism to Meta-, Post- and Transhumanism?

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Edited By Irina Deretić and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner

The relationship between humanism, metahumanism, posthumanism and transhumanism is one of the most pressing topics concerning many current cultural, social, political, ethical and individual challenges. There have been a great number of uses of the various terms in history. Meta-, post- and transhumanism have in common that they reject the categorically dualist understanding of human beings inherent in humanism.
The essays in this volume consider the relevant historical discourses, important contemporary philosophical reflections and artistic perspectives on this subject-matter. The goal is to obtain a multifaceted survey of the concepts, the relationship of the various concepts and their advantages as well as their disadvantages. Leading scholars of many different traditions, countries and disciplines have contributed to this collection.
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Marija Bogdanović, University of Belgrade - Times of Hope and Risk: Market Based Genetics

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Marija Bogdanović

University of Belgrade

Times of Hope and Risk: Market Based Genetics

Introduction

The most compelling scientific debates in the medical and social sciences during the last forty years were on the subject of bioethics. The explanation for this phenomenon should be evident in the discoveries made in science and technology that almost seem like science-fiction; from which many ethical dilemmas were born dealing with human life and the environment. The global consequences of these discoveries have presented humankind and the environment with momentous challenges. Along with the positive effects of these discoveries, opportunities to manipulate and modify the nature of human life and the environment are huge. The possibilities simultaneously instigate curiosity and fear, of which the latter of the two largely stems from advancements in genetic engineering that are becoming hot topics not only in scientific circles, but also in mainstream media. Still, contributions to medicine have been of great importance, making it possible to cure diseases and save lives through the application of antibiotics, immunizations, treating diabetes, catheters, open heart surgery, dialysis, organ donation, in-vitro fertilization, earlier detection of a heavy distortion of the embryo (Down syndrome), etc. Favorable outcomes in medical treatments, prolonging and enabling a higher quality of life for patients, are invaluable.

Bioethics as a science seeks general moral principles that can be derived through documented research, which would protect individuals from manipulation and experimentation. During the first phase of...

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