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From Humanism to Meta-, Post- and Transhumanism?


Edited By Irina Deretić and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner

The relationship between humanism, metahumanism, posthumanism and transhumanism is one of the most pressing topics concerning many current cultural, social, political, ethical and individual challenges. There have been a great number of uses of the various terms in history. Meta-, post- and transhumanism have in common that they reject the categorically dualist understanding of human beings inherent in humanism.
The essays in this volume consider the relevant historical discourses, important contemporary philosophical reflections and artistic perspectives on this subject-matter. The goal is to obtain a multifaceted survey of the concepts, the relationship of the various concepts and their advantages as well as their disadvantages. Leading scholars of many different traditions, countries and disciplines have contributed to this collection.
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Predrag Milidrag, University of Belgrade - Post-humanism of The Matrix Trilogy


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Predrag Milidrag

University of Belgrade

Post-humanism of The Matrix Trilogy1

There are traces of very diverse Eastern and Western lines of thought in The Matrix Trilogy2, which speaks eloquently about its richness of ideas. Being ‘philosophical’ The Matrix Trilogy is not a boring film and long-winded; instead of talking endlessly, the characters are working ceaselessly, and that work is changing them. In this paper, I will try to interpret the changes in the main character, Neo, against the background of some classic ideas about the human being in Western philosophy.

The main theses of this text are the following: In The Matrix Trilogy, Platonist, Cartesian and Hegelian ideas about man are clearly recognizable. On their general plain, plots of the films express movement (progress?) from Plato via Descartes to Hegel3 – and further.


The Platonism of the first part of the trilogy is evident. There are two worlds, a virtual world of the Matrix and the real world. They are strictly divided and their ontological relation is clearly defined through a dependence of the former on the latter. Either on the level of the storyline or on the level of an image, the beholder is not in doubt about which world he is watching. That is absolutely the key moment of the whole trilogy: there is no doubt which world is ‘true’ and which one is ‘illusion’. Whether all the protagonists know about it – is...

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