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From Humanism to Meta-, Post- and Transhumanism?

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Edited By Irina Deretić and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner

The relationship between humanism, metahumanism, posthumanism and transhumanism is one of the most pressing topics concerning many current cultural, social, political, ethical and individual challenges. There have been a great number of uses of the various terms in history. Meta-, post- and transhumanism have in common that they reject the categorically dualist understanding of human beings inherent in humanism.
The essays in this volume consider the relevant historical discourses, important contemporary philosophical reflections and artistic perspectives on this subject-matter. The goal is to obtain a multifaceted survey of the concepts, the relationship of the various concepts and their advantages as well as their disadvantages. Leading scholars of many different traditions, countries and disciplines have contributed to this collection.
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Goran Gocić, Belgrade - One Genealogy of De-centring

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Goran Gocić

Belgrade

One Genealogy of De-centring

Spatial Center and De-centring: Architecture

Links between architecture and centering are indeed very old: they date all the way back to the first human shelters. The base of an early ‘house’ was round. That was the case with settlings found in Olduvai, Tanzania which date 1.9 million years ago. Cornered shapes were introduced relatively recently to divide settlings into rooms and as defensive measures (for example in Catal Huyuk, Turkey, 8.5 thousand years ago)1.

Roland Barthes summarized a more recent tendency in contrasting American, European and Asian urbanism. He drew attention to a typically American syndrome of a city as a geometrical network of roads without a center, unknown in Europe whose cities are pointedly centered:

Quadrangular, reticulated cities (Los Angeles, for instance) are said to produce a profound uneasiness: they offend our synesthetic sentiment of the City, which requires that any urban space have a center to go to, to return from. […] For many reasons (historical, economic, religious, military), the West understood this law only too well: all its cities are concentric; but also, in accord with the very movement of Western metaphysics, for which every center is the site of truth, the center of our cities is always full: a marked site, it is here that the values of civilization are gathered and condensed: spirituality (churches), power (offices), money (banks), merchandise (department stores), language (agoras:...

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