The 10th Anniversary FDSL Conference, Leipzig 2013
Edited By Gerhild Zybatow, Petr Biskup, Marcel Guhl, Claudia Hurtig, Olav Mueller-Reichau and Maria Yastrebova
Subjects or objects? - The syntax of clausal subjects in Polish
← 76 | 77 →Anna Bondaruk
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
The paper aims at providing a syntactic analysis of clausal subjects in Polish in the Minimalist Program of Chomsky (2000, 2008). Two types of clausal subjects are examined here - those co-occurring with psych predicates and those found with non-psych predicates. It is argued that whereas clausal subjects attested with non-psych predicates represent syntactic subjects, clausal arguments appearing with psych predicates are different in that they can function as subjects or objects, depending on the derivational route taken. The difference between clausal subjects and objects is manifested in the obligatory or optional presence of the pronominal shell introducing clausal arguments in Polish.
The paper is structured as follows: section 2 introduces two types of clausal subjects analysed here and examines their categorial status. Section 3 provides an analysis of the two types of non-extraposed clausal subjects, while section 4 offers an account of their extraposed variants. Section 5 concludes the paper.
The term ‘clausal subject’ refers to a sentence which either itself occupies the subject position or is extraposed from it and thus comes to occupy the sentence final position. Two types of clausal subjects are examined in the paper, i.e. those found with psych and non-psych predicates, as in (1) and (2) below.1
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