The 10th Anniversary FDSL Conference, Leipzig 2013
Edited By Gerhild Zybatow, Petr Biskup, Marcel Guhl, Claudia Hurtig, Olav Mueller-Reichau and Maria Yastrebova
Denominal group adjectives in Polish: their morphosyntactic status and semantic interpretation
← 104 | 105 →Bożena Cetnarowska
University of Silesia in Katowice
The aim of this paper is to discuss the morphosyntactic status and semantic interpretation of denominal group adjectives in Polish, such as dyrektorski ‘managerial’, górniczy ‘miner.adj’, lekarski ‘physician.adj’, prezydencki ‘presidential’, or papieski ‘papal’. This is done in order to provide support for the hypothesis, formulated by researchers adopting the framework of Distributed Morphology, which states that group adjectives in other languages, including Spanish and Greek, are represented as nouns in their syntactic configurations (cf. Fábregas 2007, Alexiadou and Stavrou 2011). Section 2 clarifies the distinction between two subgroups of adjectives, namely qualitative adjectives and relational ones (the latter including group adjectives). Section 3 presents selected noun-like properties of relational adjectives in Polish (focusing on group adjectives). It illustrates the argument-like behaviour of thematic relational adjectives in Polish and contrasts it with the qualitative reading of denominal adjectives. Section 4 shows that Polish group adjectives frequently exhibit an unspecified existential or generic reading. However, examples are provided when, contrary to expectations, they denote specific individuals. Conclusions are stated in section 5.
Many denominal adjectives, referred to as relational adjectives (abbreviated as RAs)1, show the basic reading ‘pertaining to N, relating to N’. Such a paraphrase can be made more accurate and detailed, depending on the head noun as well as on the possible relation obtaining between the head noun and the nominal base of the adjective. For instance, the relational adjective muzyczny...
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