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Slavic Grammar from a Formal Perspective

The 10th Anniversary FDSL Conference, Leipzig 2013


Gerhild Zybatow, Petr Biskup, Marcel Guhl, Claudia Hurtig, Olav Mueller-Reichau and Maria Yastrebova

The proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages in Leipzig 2013 offer current formal investigations into Slavic morphology, phonology, semantics, syntax and information structure. In addition to papers of the main conference, the volume presents those of two special workshops: «Formal Perspectives and Diachronic Change in Slavic Languages» and «Various Aspects of Heritage Language». The following languages are addressed: Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian (BCS), Bulgarian, Czech, Macedonian, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Resian, Slovak and Slovene.
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The Russian subjunctive


← 578 | 579 →Ilse Zimmermann


Within a minimalist framework of sound-meaning correlation, I will articulate my hypotheses on the difference of sentence mood and verbal mood.1 Sentence mood is understood as one of the different clause types, which are combined with illocutionary types in root clauses. Verbal mood relates the propositional content of root and embedded clauses to worlds. This contribution concentrates on the subjunctive verbal mood in Russian.

In the sound-meaning correlation of utterances, we are accustomed to reckon with reference to participants x of eventualities e and with time spans t. In view of much work on event semantics, one could content oneself with extensional semantics. Nevertheless, we have to ask ourselves how intensional factors of meaning (Heim & Kratzer 1998, von Fintel & Heim 2011 and many others) come into play (cf. von Stechow 2012, section 6).

In this paper, I would like to pose the question “Where are the worlds”? (Cf. Zimmermann 2010, 2013, to appear a, b.) Clearly, they are connected with mental states of human beings. But how is this fact reflected in the structure of linguistic utterances? By which means of expression do we refer to worlds, i.e. to mental states of people?

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