The 10th Anniversary FDSL Conference, Leipzig 2013
Edited By Gerhild Zybatow, Petr Biskup, Marcel Guhl, Claudia Hurtig, Olav Mueller-Reichau and Maria Yastrebova
The Russian subjunctive
← 578 | 579 →Ilse Zimmermann
Within a minimalist framework of sound-meaning correlation, I will articulate my hypotheses on the difference of sentence mood and verbal mood.1 Sentence mood is understood as one of the different clause types, which are combined with illocutionary types in root clauses. Verbal mood relates the propositional content of root and embedded clauses to worlds. This contribution concentrates on the subjunctive verbal mood in Russian.
In the sound-meaning correlation of utterances, we are accustomed to reckon with reference to participants x of eventualities e and with time spans t. In view of much work on event semantics, one could content oneself with extensional semantics. Nevertheless, we have to ask ourselves how intensional factors of meaning (Heim & Kratzer 1998, von Fintel & Heim 2011 and many others) come into play (cf. von Stechow 2012, section 6).
In this paper, I would like to pose the question “Where are the worlds”? (Cf. Zimmermann 2010, 2013, to appear a, b.) Clearly, they are connected with mental states of human beings. But how is this fact reflected in the structure of linguistic utterances? By which means of expression do we refer to worlds, i.e. to mental states of people?
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