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The Yearbook on History and Interpretation of Phenomenology 2014

Normativity & Typification


Edited By Anton Vydra

The second issue of The Yearbook on History and Interpretation of Phenomenology focuses on the intertwined topics of normativity and of typification. The area of their application and specification is relatively broad: from biological questions through various lived experiences and political life to aesthetical judgments. The contributors see normative aspects of human existence as a possibility to act according to inherent or personal values rather than according to some fixed and external rules or even laws.
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How can We Err in Aesthetic Judgements?


Abstract In the article I aim to answer the question whether and how we can err in aesthetic judgments. Starting with Hume’s thesis that sentiment is always right as a typical example of thse thesis of infallibility of aesthetic judgments, I ultimately seek to disprove such a thesis and show that it is possible to err in aesthetic judgments on normative grounds. I begin with consideration of Husserl’s redefinition of the notion of transcendence and with his interpretation of the phenomenon of error. I then proceed to analyze two approaches to the question: Ingarden’s consideration of aesthetic values as objectively grounded, and Dufrenne’s consideration of aesthetic values as intersubjectively grounded but, because of that, actually capable of being subject to disclosure and analysis. After assessing these approaches I conclude that there are sufficient grounds for the thesis that aesthetic judgments are, in principle, intersubjectively correctible, and that such correction takes, or can take place, in artistic critical discourse.

Keywords: Husserl, Ingarden, Dufrenne, Aesthetic Judgments, Art Criticism

In our life with art we experience situations when we change our aesthetic judgments of some works of art; for example, sometimes we have to learn to listen to some difficult piece of music which we do not understand the first time, another time it takes us time to recognize some piece of literature as shallow, and so on. In each case, we agree that, or we at least personally feel that we have been wrong in our...

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