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The Yearbook on History and Interpretation of Phenomenology 2014

Normativity & Typification

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Edited By Anton Vydra

The second issue of The Yearbook on History and Interpretation of Phenomenology focuses on the intertwined topics of normativity and of typification. The area of their application and specification is relatively broad: from biological questions through various lived experiences and political life to aesthetical judgments. The contributors see normative aspects of human existence as a possibility to act according to inherent or personal values rather than according to some fixed and external rules or even laws.
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Die Möglichkeit und die Motivation als zwei wesentliche phänomenologische Figuren – im Kontext der Problematik des Lachens

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Abstract Possibility and Motivation as Two Fundamental Phenomenological Figures—within the Context of the Problem of the Laughter

Both concepts—of possibility and of motivation—belong to the key concepts of Husserl’s phenomenology. By analysis of his texts about passive syntheses we will follow the relationship between them and their configuration, which gets a specific form in the case, when we leave simple examples of intentions and fulfilments, which proceed from the intensity of grasping or disappointment of awaiting. The example of laughter will be for us the field where we will observe the qualitative (not only quantitative) layering of experiences, its specific configurations (concrescence), when the affective relief, mood, emotional experiencing, instincts or overall significance (Bedeutsamkeit) for subject come into play. This casts new light on what we expect, on the ‘tendency’ which leads our intention to fulfilment, to the ‘covering’ (Deckung) of our expectation, even to the saturation of it (Sättigung). Our analysis of laughter will also be explored according to Kurt Goldstein’s and Helmuth Plessner’s investigations of the problematic of laughing and smiling.

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