Power Structures, Programming, Cooperation and Defiance at Czech Radio 1939-1945
11. 1945 – The Station-Group’s Final Days
← 328 | 329 → 11. 1945 – The Station-Group’s Final Days
The final phase of the German occupation of Bohemia and Moravia was accompanied by a considerable increase in the strategic importance of the Station-Group itself. With the Soviet Army deep into Poland in the Summer of 1944 and the Western Allies liberating France and parts of Belgium, not to mention the sustained Allied bombing of Germany’s cities with its effects on communications, Bohemia and Moravia came to be seen as relatively safe territory. While there were numerous Allied air raids on targets within the Protectorate, the industrial city of Plzeň experienced no fewer than 12 air raids or example,997 they tended to concentrate on specific industrial, communications or military facilities important to the German war effort, as opposed to the massive and indiscriminate carpet bombing that German cities like Cologne, Hamburg, Dresden or Berlin sustained. Thus, the Nazi leadership started moving some offices and archives to the Protectorate to keep them safe. For example, already at the end of July 1943, more than 6,000 prisoners were displaced from barracks in the Theresienstadt Ghetto to make way for the archives of Himmler’s Reichssicherheitshauptamt.998 This trend continued throughout 1944 as well.
Given the strategic importance of radio stations, there was also considerable physical destruction to RRG property and facilities. Firebombs badly damaged the Reichssender Köln (Cologne) already as early as June 1943. The Reichssender Frankfurt’s adjunct station at Kassel was destroyed in an air raid on 22 October of the same year, while part of the Haus...
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