Jürgen Schiewe - Sprache – Wissen – Wissenschaft. Denkstile und Diskurse in der Linguistik des 20. Jahrhunderts
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Sprache – Wissen – Wissenschaft. Denkstile und Diskurse in der Linguistik des 20. Jahrhunderts
Abstract What role does language play in scientific knowledge? Is it a tool detached from knowledge or does it play a part in shaping knowledge, and the very process of perception itself? Drawing on the contributions of Ludwik Fleck and Michel Foucault in the field of the theory of science, this paper represents the view that science cannot produce an “objective piece of knowledge”, but that every act of perception and piece of knowledge rests on “styles of thinking”, which are produced in “thought collectives” and manifest themselves in “discourses”. Styles of thinking stand in a relationship of correspondence with linguistic styles, in which those terms above all, which designate or construct the object of knowledge, have a significant meaning. Taking the recent history of linguistic science as an example, this approach is illustrated with reference to the terms “structure”, “act” and “performance”. The paper concludes with theses on the connection between thought collectives in science and scientific registers.
Keywords: style of thinking, thought collective, discourse, history of linguistic science, structure, act, performance
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