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Le Dit et le Non-Dit

Langage(s) et traduction

Sonia Berbinski

De par leur force de changer les facettes, de se métamorphoser en fonction des particularités linguistiques, de la situation de communication, des intentions des instances interlocutives, du domaine de représentation, les notions d’implicite, de présupposition et de sous-entendu (bref du Dit et du Non-dit) se retrouvent aux fondements de toute architecture discursive. Les recherches de ce volume se proposent de définir ou redéfinir ces notions, de découvrir les mécanismes de production des stratégies discursives basées sur l’implicite, ainsi que les modalités d’expression du vouloir dire et du dire. Elles se revendiquent de la sémantique, de la pragmatique et de la grammaire diachronique et synchronique. La traductologie et les discours de spécialité bouclent la structure du livre.
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La traduction du non-dit : Incrémentialisation ou entropie ?

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Abstract: This study focused on the problem of translating the unspoken (le non-dit): Is the unspoken translatable? Should we say it, making explicit the speech in translation or should it be passed over in silence, respecting the choice of the source author?… The data examined here suggest that the unsaid is translatable and is expressed in different forms in the target text. The analysis of numerous phenomena, gathered from a diverse body of examples of the unspoken in both source and target texts allowed us to establish a tripartite typology : a) the unsaid which is made explicit by the context (e.g. Implicated Illocutionary Force, idioms, etc.), b) the unsaid which is made explicit deliberately by the author (e.g. neologisms, etc.), c) the so called ‘intentional’ unsaid (e.g. metaphors, big words, neologisms, etc.) which, in the course of translation, can be made explicit through the use of targeted additions (i.e. incrementalizations). However, this operation risks resulting in an over translation or on the contrary, a loss of information (entropy).

Key words: translation studies, incrementalizations, entropy, the unspoken (le non-dit), neologism, idiomaticity, over traslation, connectors, explicitation

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