On the Transmission of Artistic Patterns in Late Medieval Manuscript Illumination
Exemplary martyrdoms – lost examples. Some theses on the miniatures in the so-called “martyrology” in the Cini Foundation and three related copy drawings: Marion Heisterberg
Exemplary martyrdoms – lost examples. Some theses on the miniatures in the so-called “martyrology” in the Cini Foundation and three related copy drawings*
Against the background of the charitable activities of death brotherhoods in 14th and 15th century Italy, this article focuses on the Ferrarese lay confraternity of the “Battuti Neri”, which dedicated itself to the final care and conversion of convicts condemned to death. Among the various media which the brotherhood made use of during the convict’s last hours, the so-called “martyrology”, a rare document preserved on the premises of the Cini Foundation in Venice, apparently played a major role. By means of a detailed comparison of three extant copy drawings and related miniature scenes in the martyrology, the article not only dwells on, but partially substantiates some previous art historical debates. In addition, a possible model for both the drawings and the scenes in the martyrology is suggested.
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