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Privatisation of Planning Powers and Urban Infrastructure- Privatisierung von Planung und städtischen Infrastrukturen

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Stephan Mitschang

This book grew out of the sixth annual meeting of the Platform of Experts in Planning Law held in Lisbon in October 2012. The book’s chapters illustrate the evolution of this unique comparative land use planning and regulation forum. They allow a broader audience to benefit from the insights gained from the national case studies presented at the Lisbon meeting on the issue of Privatisation of Planning Powers and Urban Infrastructure.
Diese Veröffentlichung entstand aus dem sechsten Expertentreffen für Planungsrecht, das im Oktober 2012 in Lissabon stattfand. Die einzelnen Kapitel illustrieren die nationale Entwicklung im Planungsrecht und stellen einen einmaligen Vergleich des Planungsrechts vor dem Hintergrund der Privatisierungstendenzen im Bereich der Stadtplanung und städtischer Infrastrukturen in den verschiedenen Teilnehmerländern dar.
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4. Netherlands

Extract

Fred Hobma and Erwin Heurkens

4.  Netherlands

4.1  Growing private sector involvement in urban development

Private sector involvement in urban development practice has grown in the past decades in the Netherlands. In his recent PhD-thesis Private Sector-led Urban Development Projects, Heurkens brings forward several explanations pointing towards more private sector involvement in the built environment.1

First, Heurkens notices an evolutionary process of increased neoliberalisation and the adoption of Anglo-Saxon principles in Dutch society. The process of neoliberalisation in the Netherlands started in the 1980s with structural government retrenchments and rounds of privatisations in the transport and energy sector2. Although the Netherlands are having ‘Rhineland’ roots with a focus on welfare provision, several neoliberal principles (privatisation, decentralisation, deregulation) have been adopted by government and incorporated in the management of organisations. For instance, Brouwer & Moerman3, Bakker et al.4 and Godijk5 indicate that there are obvious influences of Anglo-Saxon principles being adopted ← 121 | 122 → by public and private organisations in the Netherlands. Over the last 30 years, These societal and organisational developments have had an impact on urban planning as well, which has changed towards a more market-oriented development practice too.

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