Globalisation and Cultural Contact in Crash (2004) and Babel (2005)
Translation and Culture
Translation, traditionally seen as purely a linguistic activity, is now increasingly theorised in broader terms. The study of translation was originally subsumed under either of two different subjects or disciplines, linguistics or comparative literature, on the premise that translation was a linguistic transaction between two languages (Trivedi 278). However, more recently there has been an increasing number of theories advocating that translation needs to be understood in broader terms as something that is fundamentally a cultural transaction. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that a language defines and delimits the particular world view of its speakers, which supports the idea of language as the vehicle of culture (Trivedi 279). Other scholars, too, appear to assume this claim of inseparability between language and culture in relation to the culture-translation connection. In Constructing Cultures (1988), Bassnett and Lefevere demonstrate the inseparability of translation studies from cultural studies, which in turn suggests that translation, which is usually presumed to be a primarily linguistic activity, needs to be rethought within a much wider cultural framework.
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