Hintergründe, Gefahren und mögliche Gegenmaßnahmen
Kapitel 6: Piraterie und Internationales Recht
Editorial abstract: The framework of international law concerning maritime piracy remains incomplete. One reason may be that as criminals, pirates are subject to domestic, rather than international law. But even there, the situation is less than satisfactory: A mere 42 states possess a sufficient domestic legal framework criminalising maritime piracy. Potential alternatives to the current situation include the establishment of a specialised international court dealing with maritime crimes, the expansion of the already existing International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) to deal with piracy, or the use of the possibility to expand or establish regional tribunals dealing with crimes against humanity to cover maritime crimes. Furthermore, UNCLOS itself could be adapted, replacing the narrow definition of piracy with the more circumferential concept of „maritime violence“. This would include maritime terrorism and other forms of maritime crime. However, as neither proposition appears to stand a chance for international ratification any time soon, in the meantime, a renewed effort to pass national legislation in coastal states to criminalise piracy should be made. In a similar vein: The new 2005 version of the SUA-Convention, an already existing and much more flexible legal tool to deal with piracy and maritime terrorism, is yet to be ratified by the majority of states – including Germany.
Die völkerrechtlichen Vorschriften zur Bekämpfung der Piraterie sind in jüngster Zeit auch in Deutschland ausführlich dargestellt worden.1 ← 159 | 160 → Jährlich aktualisierte Berichte über alle – nicht...
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