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Speaker Involvement in Political Interviews

Jana Kozubíková Šandová

This book offers a pragma-semantic analysis of linguistic means expressing speaker involvement in the genre of political interview. The research is based on an analysis of 40 interviews with British and American politicians. The aim of this work is to confirm or reject the claim that the genre of political interview is detached and impersonal as is typical of any other type of formal interaction. The study also investigates whether female politicians are more indeterminate in their expression than male politicians, and whether the expression of males is matter-of-fact and more precise. The book provides new insights into the genre of political interview and contributes to the study of speaker involvement and means of its expression.
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3 Political Interview as a Discourse Genre

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3.1 Introduction

Since this study focuses on an analysis of political interviews from the point of view of speaker involvement, a general description of the genre of political interview and the language of politics is appropriate. Section 3.2 will explain why it is necessary to employ a pragmatic approach to analyze the functions of particular linguistic means used in political interviews. This work regards political interview as a specific genre, which will be dealt with in Section 3.3. The typical features relating to this genre will be discussed in Section 3.4. Recent research into media discourse emphasizes its tendency to conversationalization, which means that what should essentially be formal discourse contains elements of informal language. This subject will be treated in the last subchapter.

3.2 Pragmatic Approach to the Language of Politics

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