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Economy in Romania and the Need for Optimization of Agricultural Production Structures

Jean Vasile Andrei and Gheorghe H. Popescu

Agriculture represents a basic economic sector for Romanian economy with major implication on a large part of inland population. The accession to the EU has imposed major changes to the Romanian agricultural sector to achieve better outcomes and to adapt to the new economic performance criteria. The book represents a pertinent analysis regarding the evolution of the Romanian agricultural sector and emphasis the need for optimization of the agricultural production structures. Valuing the inland agricultural potential involves designing well competitive production structures which should better combining all the productions factors existing in the rural areas and communities. The book contains five alternatives in designing the agricultural production structures.
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Chapter III Alternatives in Valuing The Agricultural Potential


3.1 Designing a farming module with 60 ha surface, in lowland agricultural area

Designing an agricultural production structure of 60 ha started from the initial idea according to which, even in the specialized literature were simulated production modules having area of 50 ha (Ion and Turek, 2012)28 or (Dobre, 2003),29 the results showed the idea that the area of 60 ha represents the minimum area conditions of the Romanian agricultural farming in order to be economically viable. We have also tried to make sure that this kind of farming may be a relevant solution in the process of aggregation of Romanian land property in order to increase the level of productivity under the conditions of 60 ha projected module that is included in the V class having medium economically potential, reduced viability and which due to simulation in the first year generates a profit rate of 15,5%, thus supplying a profit of 526,3 lei/ha. (Table 2.6)

At the base of this module of agricultural production we took into account the appliance of a five year rotation, with seven simple sole (Appendix 1), specific to the field area, that included both autumn grains (wheat + barley), weeding plants (corn + sunflower), technical plants (rapeseed + sugar beet) but also leguminous vegetable (beans).

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