Show Less
Restricted access

Economy in Romania and the Need for Optimization of Agricultural Production Structures

Jean Vasile Andrei and Gheorghe H. Popescu

Agriculture represents a basic economic sector for Romanian economy with major implication on a large part of inland population. The accession to the EU has imposed major changes to the Romanian agricultural sector to achieve better outcomes and to adapt to the new economic performance criteria. The book represents a pertinent analysis regarding the evolution of the Romanian agricultural sector and emphasis the need for optimization of the agricultural production structures. Valuing the inland agricultural potential involves designing well competitive production structures which should better combining all the productions factors existing in the rural areas and communities. The book contains five alternatives in designing the agricultural production structures.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access




After 1991, Romanian agriculture has been facing extensive processes of fragmentation of agricultural land as a result of the restitution of property to former owners. Structures related to agricultural production and agricultural land were converted into small peasant land ownership as a result of a massive de-structuring of the former production structures. The direct consequences of the agricultural reform have resulted in a rapid increase of the number of landowners and fragmentation of land ownership.

Pronounced fragmentation of agricultural property (land) prevents the achievement of modern agriculture with high yields and acquisition of technical and modern technology.

As a direct, visible and immediate effect of reform measures, there is a decrease in average agricultural area that lies on the farm, which has become one of the lowest in the European Community. Thus, according to European statistics, the average size of a farm in Romania is less than 3.6 times the EU27 average, 1.7 times that of farms in Bulgaria, 1.9 times than those of Hungary, 13 times the holdings in Germany and 14.8 times higher than those in France.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.