Translatorisches Handeln. Neue Strategien. Didaktische Innovation
Das Buch «stellt innovative Methoden und Ideen für die translatorische Ausbildung vor und weist neue Wege in der Translationslehre» (Věra Janíková).
Interkulturelle Kompetenzen bei der Dramaübersetzung. Zentrum-Peripherie-Probleme am Beispiel des Joual von Quebec
A good knowledge of the development and the changes in a cultural situation represents one of the constituents of a translator’s proficiency. From the former derives the capability to correctly analyze, interpret and in the following stage, to find suitable strategies of translation. The translation cannot be understood solely as a dual relationship between two cultures. The situation is more complicated in places where the culture of one country or another makes part of the dynamics of a broader cultural space. One of such cases is Quebec literature, which has, since the 1960s, radically reevaluated the identity status of language and culture. In order to better understand the situation, it is necessary to approach several partial issues: 1) the process of deperipherization and its consequences for the identitary position of language, here embodied by the axiology of the relationship between Canadian French and French from France; 2) a reevaluation of the language periphery and its being set into a central position inside the French-Canadian literature: this aspect concerns mostly the urban argot (so-called joual), which becomes, similarly to Creole language in other regions, a cultural reference with a privileged literary position; 3) the necessity of re-evaluating the translation strategy: an example of this being the playwriting of Michel Tremblay, a classic of modern Quebec theatre.
Key words:Cultural centre and periphery, peripherization and deperipherization, dynamics of language standards, Canadian French, joual, translation strategy
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