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Glaube und Denken

Jahrbuch der Karl-Heim-Gesellschaft- 27. Jahrgang 2014

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Edited By Martin Rothgangel and Ulrich Beuttler

Karl Heim (1874-1958) prägte als Theologe an den Universitäten Halle, Münster und seit 1920 in Tübingen Generationen von Pfarrern. Unter seinen Zuhörern befanden sich auch viele Nicht-Theologen, weil er komplizierte naturwissenschaftliche Sachverhalte zutreffend elementarisieren und zugleich den christlichen Glauben mit diesen Ergebnissen in einen fruchtbaren Dialog bringen konnte. Der 27. Jahrgang dieses Jahrbuchs widmet sich verschiedenen Themenbereichen im Kontext des Verhältnisses von Theologie und Naturwissenschaft, wobei insbesondere systematisch-theologische Überlegungen zur Religionslosigkeit, zu Todesträumen, zu einer theologischen Resonanztheorie der Wahrheit sowie zur Evolutionstheologie einen Schwerpunkt dieser Ausgabe bilden.
Volume 27 of the yearbook of the German Karl Heim Society presents a variety of articles concerning the dialogue between theology and the natural sciences. The authors want to show the enduring significance of Karl Heim’s insistence on the dialogue between theology and the natural sciences, and to further the intention of the Karl Heim Society to present a biblical Christian orientation in a world shaped by technology and sciences. Though the contributions are in German, an extensive summary in English is appended to each of them.
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Schöpfung via Evolution – und mögliche Implikationen: Evolutionstheologie

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← 152 | 153 →Wolfgang Schreiner

Summary: “Creation via Chance – and consequences: Evolutionary Theology”. Man has been created on purpose by God, according to Christian belief. Conversely, evolution theory sees changes in the genome mainly as a random process. The article gives an outline of the German book “Göttliches Spiel” by Schreiner (2013), starting with an overview over the relation between the natural sciences and Christian belief, outlining several issues of discussions in the past.

Can random changes in the genome really achieve a development towards higher functionality? What about open questions in evolution theory, such as the impossibility to create life artificially? What about the lack of any trustworthy estimate of the probability for life emerging by chance out of non-living material?

Pros and cons, as put forward by natural sciences, philosophy and theology regarding above issues, are reported and commented.

Then in an exemplary way, details are explained about randomness and how random processes can well be utilized to achieve goals defined beforehand. This possibility is considered falsifying the notion that planning and randomness contradict each other. Conversely, pseudo-random-numbers are presented as an example of purely deterministic objects, which nevertheless appear as being totally random.

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