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Aggression as a Challenge

Theory and research- Current Problems

Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka

We live in a world of phenomena created by the human mind and by human experience, namely conflict, aggression, aggressiveness and violence. These phenomena are viewed as constructs of the mind, types of behaviour, particular experiences and emotional states, specific social interactions or even historical and political categories such as social movements, wars, angry social protests etc. The study explores the notions of aggression and violence and from an individual and a social perspective analyses their determinants in various environments in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. It is an attempt to join the global discussion on reaction conditions and key points that are connected with the risk of pathologization of the personality and its behaviour.
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Aversive Parenting. An Attempt of Conceptualization



The number of scientific analyses that undertake the problem of social interdependence between parental activity and children’s activity does not reflect the prevalence of parental roles. This paper shall therefore be devoted to an issue which seems universal and common, whereas in reality it is quite complex – the manner of parenting by parents. Paying attention to experiences which are natural to almost every human being is crucial, since consequences resulting from these experiences concern both children as addressees of parental activities, as well as many parents, who function in the role of a mother or father. This article shall assume a dual-direction for influences originating from participants of the parent-child interaction, which then requires actions undertaken by parents to be considered as meaningful for both individuals (child and adult).

The article shall present an original take on parenting style, with particular focus on aversive parenting.

Parenting style

Scientific literature presents two terms associated with being a parent – parenthood and parenting (Galinsky, 1987; Hoghughi & Long, 2004; Kubicki, 2009; Kwak, 2008). The first is usually associated with the fact of having children and playing the social role of a parent, whereas the second is related to a wide spectrum of actions aimed at ensuring proper developmental conditions for a child and hence, at establishing a relation with the child. Therefore it can be assumed that parenthood corresponds to the category of “role demand,” which reflects the notion depicting generalized expectations...

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