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Aggression as a Challenge

Theory and research- Current Problems

Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka

We live in a world of phenomena created by the human mind and by human experience, namely conflict, aggression, aggressiveness and violence. These phenomena are viewed as constructs of the mind, types of behaviour, particular experiences and emotional states, specific social interactions or even historical and political categories such as social movements, wars, angry social protests etc. The study explores the notions of aggression and violence and from an individual and a social perspective analyses their determinants in various environments in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. It is an attempt to join the global discussion on reaction conditions and key points that are connected with the risk of pathologization of the personality and its behaviour.
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Assuming the Roles of Aggressor and Victim by Lower Secondary School Youth. Research Report




According to media reports, nowadays there are a growing number of violent acts and cruel manifestations of aggression displayed by ever younger offenders. Naturally, the issue of aggression has been known for a long time, and aggressive behavior, acts of cruelty or crimes have been extensively described in literature over the ages. Nevertheless, it seems that today the instinct of aggression is less and less necessary for modern humans due to the development of civilization, and it should disappear (Spychalska-Czech, 2004). Contrary to this hypothesis, aggressive attitudes and their consequences are an incredibly serious problem of the present time. Politicians, social workers and researchers of different disciplines are even more concerned about the level of aggression. One of the most alarming and increasingly common phenomena is aggressive behavior among children and youth.

Nowadays, a growing number of aggressive behaviors can be observed among children and teenagers (Czapiński, 2007). Manifestations of aggression in children and youth can be particularly visible in the school environment (Borecka-Biernat, 2013). Aggression may appear in the form of fights, arguments or malicious rumors in peer groups. These days, however, we can observe an unprecedented level of the problem, namely, acts of aggression displayed by children and teenagers towards adults, even at school.

It should be emphasized that children and teenagers manifest aggression relatively often in peer relations both within and outside of school. However, blaming teachers in full for the externalization problems observed among students is...

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