Aktuelle Tendenzen / Current Trends
C-Tests consist of several short texts in which the missing parts of words have to be reconstructed. C-Tests have excellent psychometric properties and are used in many contexts as economical tests of language proficiency. This collection of papers illustrates the state of the art of C-Test research. It focuses on face validity and washback of C-Tests, C-Test performance and intelligence, C-Tests as screening devices for TestDaF and SIMTEST, ROC analyses for relating C-Test scores to the CEFR as well as use of C-tests in the classroom. A special feature of the volume is the editor’s comprehensive C-Test bibliography.
C-Tests und ‚allgemeine Sprachkompetenz‘: Theoretische Überlegungen und empirische Analysen
It is widely accepted that C-tests are valid operationalizations of the one-dimensional construct of general language proficiency. However, not very much is known about why C-tests allow us to measure this construct. The present study aims to take a closer look at this construct, both by examining the correlations between C-tests and the four language skills (reading, listening, writing and speaking) as operationalized by the Test of German as a Foreign Language TestDaF and by analyzing the cognitive processes evoked during C-test solving.
The results of the quantitative data showed that C-tests correlate with the four language skills. In the verbal data analysis, psycholinguistic models and theories were applied. I proceeded on the assumption that the same cognitive mechanisms underlie speech production and reception and that thus general language proficiency covers both production and reception. Furthermore, the concept of expectancy grammar (Oller, 1976), i.e. the internalized ability to make prediction utilizing the characteristic of the language, was also applied to the data analysis.