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Lingüística Teórica y Aplicada: nuevos enfoques

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Nekane Celayeta Gil, Felipe Jiménez Berrio and Alberto de Lucas Vicente

Este volumen recoge varios estudios que reflejan las últimas tendencias en la investigación lingüística teórica y aplicada desde diversas perspectivas enmarcadas en las distintas subdisciplinas lingüísticas, a saber: Análisis del discurso, Sintaxis, Semántica, Lingüística de corpus o Pragmática, entre otras. Ofrece, por tanto, un panorama de la investigación lingüística actual y pone de manifiesto la heterogeneidad dentro de este ámbito del saber. Esta obra contiene trabajos en inglés y en español que analizan diversos fenómenos de estas lenguas, así como del chino, alemán, francés, italiano, arameo o croata. Con este compendio de artículos se abren nuevas vías de investigación para la comunidad científica.
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Entre la sintaxis y la semántica: el caso del CD en español

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Abstract: Nowadays, different studies on the syntactic processing are proving the importance a language semantic level when it comes to build up the syntactic structure of a sentence. This supports a more interactionist view on the language processing, leaving aside the idea of diverse types of linguistic information (phonological, morphological, syntactic…) being processed separate and independently, as Chomsky once proposed. With the objective of keeping moving forward along these research lines and proving the existence of the already said interaction in languages beyond English, we have carried out a study on the Spanish direct object (DO) from a psycholinguistic perspective. This syntactic structure is idoneous for the study of an interaction between syntax and semantic, as it shows how certain semantic features are reflected on syntax as they require the “a” preposition before names which have the animacity feature. Bearing this in mind, we have used the technic of ocular movements register during the transitive sentences reading, in which we have controlled different factors that can influence on the appearance of the aforesaid preposition in the DO, such as the name’s definiteness or the verb’s aspectual features. Results show an interaction in the processing of both the syntactic and semantic information, leading to longer reading time periods in the incoherent conditions: when the DO is animated and lacks the “a” preposition or when the DO’s name is animated and it is unnecessarily preceded by such preposition. These longer reading time periods come along with a bigger number of...

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