Actitudes hacia el silencio de los jóvenes españoles. Estudio a partir de un test de hábitos sociales
Abstract: Speakers’ linguistic attitudes have a key role in the use of the language and give account of the group identities of those who perform them. Nevertheless, despite the relationship established between linguistic attitudes and use, there is still a lack of studies that measure the perceptions and assessments of the users in a precise way and regarding the verbal and non-verbal phenomena of the interaction (De los Heros, 2001). Different researches warn that silence, in most societies of positive courtesy, is interpreted as a lack of cooperation, that puts at risk in the social image and that can have a discourteous effect (Leech 1983; Brown and Levinson 1987; Jaworski 1993; Haverkate 1994; Sifianou 1997). However, recent researches have concluded that this is not the case in some communities of practice in which there are very narrow bonds between the members and in which the interaction occurs in mainly informal contexts (Camargo and Méndez to be published; Méndez to be published).This contribution will show the results of a study that clarifies the attitudes towards silence of a group of young Spanish university students. The data conform the first phase of a larger research that aims to establish the interrelationships between paralinguistic attitudes of young people and the frequencies of real use of these signs, registered in a corpus of colloquial conversations. This way, we have obtained metapragmatic information of sociocultural type (about what this group considers socially valid according to their beliefs and world vision)...