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On the History of Rock Music

Yvetta Kajanová

On the History of Rock Music follows the development of rock music from its origins up to the present time. It focuses on the relationship between the sound, improvisations and rhythms in particular styles, and gives specific attention to the development of rhythm. The beat-offbeat principle, polyrhythms and polymetrics are fundamental to rock rhythm patterns, which serve as archetypes for specific rhythms. An archetype is a prototype, a model, or an innate experience of a species. Using more than 250 score examples, the author identifies the characteristic rhythmic patterns in rock styles, ranging from rock and roll, hard rock and punk rock to alternative rock, indie rock and grind core.
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Art Rock

← 62 | 63 → Art Rock


is a music style that emerged in the second half of the 1960s. It is worth mentioning that the terminology used for this style has not yet been unified. While in Central Europe the term art rock is preferred, in Western countries the term progressive rock is more common. Also, art rock productions are also frequently called artistic, pompous or classical rock.

Art rock was popularised in the 1970s when work with non-musical components in “light shows” reached its peak. The “light show” presentations, in combination with psychedelic music, were to simulate the effects of drug use and create a visual impact. The mass public performances at the beginning of this era were associated with the open-air festivals in Monterey in 1967 and Woodstock in 1969. The non-musical means of visualisation were often based on poetic texts, literature and art. Musicians used lights, smoke screens, destruction of musical instruments, visual scenes, film, and later, in the 1980s, laser shows were added. Since art rock bands often needed several truckloads of technical equipment for their concerts and performances, they came to be called “super groups” or “dinosaurs”.

The most notable art rock bands include such groups as King Crimson, Pink Floyd (1966), Genesis (1967), Yes (1968), Queen (1972), Nice, Jethro Tull and Emerson, Lake and Palmer.

As mentioned above, a strict line distinguishing between hard rock, art and progressive rock has not yet been drawn, and the theoreticians have been inconsistent in classifying art rock...

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