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Problems of Methodology and Philosophy in Linguistics


Ireneusz Bobrowski

The book is not only dedicated to linguists, but also to readers who are not familiar with notations developed in linguistics. The first part of the study presents philosophical justifications for linguistic settlements. These are based on the phenomenological reduction of Edmund Husserl, Karl R. Popper’s falsificationism, the moderate rationalism of science of Izydora Dąmbska and Andrzej Bogusławski’s lack of the nomological explanation in linguistics. The second part presents a re-examination of the solutions proposed in the field of linguistics, some new philosophical explanations and a discussion of the truth of linguistic propositions.
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Cognitive Linguistics and Cognitive Grammar


Almost from the beginning of his linguistic activity Noam Chomsky has been observing the relation between language and the mind, as in the title of his book published for the first time in 1968 (see: Chomsky 1968). Since then, however, several views on the subject of this relation have undergone tremendous transformations. As we have learnt from the previous chapter, since 1982, when the theory of government and binding was formulated, the basic question asked by representatives of this tendency in generativism – patronized and symbolized by Chomsky – was the question: is human language an optimal tool of representing thoughts? A certain group of linguists find a positive answer to this question in the minimalist program formulated by Chomsky toward the end of the last century. By the same token, Chomsky places linguistics within the system of cognitive science (science about cognition) and calls himself a cognitivist.

Before the publication of John Taylor’s “Cognitive Grammar” in 2002, representatives of cognitive linguistics, which derives from the opposition to generativism, did not acknowledge Chomsky’s declaration about him being a cognitive linguist too. Most likely they considered this declaration empirically groundless, or even suspected it to be a measure of depreciation of the new paradigm. Not without a certain amount of sarcasm, but clearly and explicitly Taylor includes Chomsky’s theory to cognitive linguistics (see: Taylor 2002) and thus the issue of the differences between the two perspectives on research on language demands a deeper reflection.

Taylor begins his...

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