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Problems of Methodology and Philosophy in Linguistics

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Ireneusz Bobrowski

The book is not only dedicated to linguists, but also to readers who are not familiar with notations developed in linguistics. The first part of the study presents philosophical justifications for linguistic settlements. These are based on the phenomenological reduction of Edmund Husserl, Karl R. Popper’s falsificationism, the moderate rationalism of science of Izydora Dąmbska and Andrzej Bogusławski’s lack of the nomological explanation in linguistics. The second part presents a re-examination of the solutions proposed in the field of linguistics, some new philosophical explanations and a discussion of the truth of linguistic propositions.
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Paradigms of Linguistics

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Paradigms of Science

In the preceding chapters we have pondered over those philosophical premises which served as a basis for the concrete linguistic theory assumed in RL. In my “Zaproszenie do językoznawstwa” [Invitation to Linguistics] (see: Bobrowski 1998), due to references to philosophy, especially the philosophy of science, I put forward a certain more general key which allows for a better understanding of the newest currents in linguistics. This key is the concept of the paradigm of science.

Although the concept itself belongs to the sociology of knowledge rather than to the philosophy of science, the characteristics of particular paradigms must be based on philosophical conceptions. Specific concepts of science arise in different branches of philosophy. Those concepts serve as sets of postulates for the representatives of specific sciences. After some time these postulates are fulfilled in the research practice and many of the scientists who proceed according to them are not aware that their way of conducting scientific research has been shaped thanks to a given philosophical conception. This means that in the common consciousness of these researchers there functions a set of principles that regulate proper scientific conduct. Such a set is sometimes described as a paradigm.

The paradigm of science is a key concept in the sociological theory of science, which was developed in the 1960s by the physicist Thomas Kuhn (see: Kuhn 1962). The paradigm is a set of norms, patterns and rules of conduct known to...

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