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Quaternion of the Examples of a Philosophical Influence: Schopenhauer-Dostoevsky-Nietzsche-Cioran


Daria Lebedeva

The philosophical influence is a concept, a methodological tool and a process worth inquiring, because it sets the frame for the philosopher’s contribution into tradition. This study takes a close look at the philosophical influence on the dependence and inter-dependence between ideas and concepts, currents and tendencies and the experiences that every philosopher inherited from past tradition. It also presents four philosophers in order to identify the roots of influence: Arthur Schopenhauer, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Friedrich Nietzsche and Emil Cioran.
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3. Fyodor Dostoevsky: if to philosophize on suffering human condition, so to the highest forms


‘’The more I love humanity in general, the less I love man in particular109’’.

‘’The best definition of man is: a being that goes on two legs and is ungrateful110’’.

The aim of the third chapter is to present Fyodor Dostoevsky, the 19th Russian novelist, besides all as a philosopher, the philosophizing writer, and toward the end of the discussion of the quaternion of philosophers to place Dostoevsky as a thinker who has shared the similar tendency to consider man as a suffering creature, finding oneself in a constant struggle with life circumstances, social restrictions and living under burden of eternal questions of purposefulness and final destination of all being. Still operating with philosophical concepts of suffering, meaning of the life, possibility of the justice and happiness, Dostoevsky has not articulated them openly, but by a sidewind he has put it in the speeches, beliefs and expectations, dreams and world outlooks of the main heroes; so the keys to the door of philosophical texts of Dostoevsky are to be found in the hands the heroes, and moreover, the detailed inquiry on the lives and views of selected Dostoevsky’s personages has pointed out the traces of the philosophical influence, the inspirational aura Dostoevsky by himself has come from.

So, the discussion begins with the anthropological frames of Dostoevsky’s world of characters, where the precise vision of human nature might be summarized and presented as the whole regardless any references to the names and destinies of...

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