The Impact of the New Informational and Communicational Technologies in Contemporary Educational Space
Chapter I: Postmodernism and Virtual Communication
The postmodernist movement raised a series of debates and issues even from its beginning in the ‘970s, significantly manifest in different social domains (literature, music, arts, theatre, cinema, architecture, philosophy, sociology and geography).
One of the major difficulties met with when analysing postmodernism was to define this concept, which, though it became common, is rather ambiguously circumscribed. The outstanding magnitude that postmodernism knew in the above-mentioned social domains led to internal definitions, to a common meaning used within each of these.
To point out some particularities of the meanings of the concept postmodernism, Mike Featherstone (1988, 197) analyses them comparatively within the family of words. Therefore, his argument is, for example, that the prefix post in relation with modern unequivocally signifies something that happens after, a fracture. The term postmodern implies a negation of modern, taking a distance from it, abandoning it. Consequently, speaking about postmodernism is to suggest a downthrow of modernity, which implies a new social order with different organising principles. Douglas Kellner, in a series of writings (1988, 1991) dedicated to postmodernism detects, in Jean-François Lyotard’s and Jean Baudrillard’s writings, aspects belonging to postmodernism, to a movement towards a post-industrial epoch. Lyotard (1984/2003) speaks about a postmodern society as a prerequisite of a movement of the post-industrial order. Within this context, he is preoccupied with the effects of “computerising society” on knowledge and it argues that the loss of meaning in postmodernity should not be cried over because we witness a reordering...
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