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Democracy and Media in Central and Eastern Europe 25 Years On


Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska and Michał Głowacki

This book is a collective effort of scholars who elaborate on democracy, civil society and media-political relations in Central and Eastern Europe. The authors look at both theories and practices of media systems and democracy. They indicate problems, risks, challenges related to political transformations, the public sphere, journalism culture and media freedom. All of this while bearing in mind the growing role of new media, civic engagement in the online space as well as societal changes that Central and Eastern European democracies are going through in the second decade of the 21st Century. This book is a helpful companion to media and communication scholars as well as students of journalism and political science, media practitioners and policy makers in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.

«A well-documented book on the mass media in a little explored area: Central Eastern Europe. Four models of media and politics are presented opening the floor for a wider scholarly debate.» (Paolo Mancini, Università di Perugia, Italy)
«This volume meets the continuing need to make sense of the changing worlds of journalism, journalists, and media. Each of the ten contributions is a well conceptualized, researched and thought out assessment of the pertinent issues and a springboard for further evaluations and model building. A great addition to the classroom and scholarship.» (Peter Gross, The University of Tennessee, USA)

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Conclusions: mapping the outcomes of media transformation in Central and Eastern Europe


Michał Głowacki

University of Warsaw, Poland

Abstract: This chapter takes the holistic approach to the outcomes of media transformation in Central and Eastern Europe in the aftermath of social, cultural, political and economic changes in the 21st Century. With the reference to the main findings from contributions published in “Democracy and Media in Central and Eastern Europe 25 Years on” it takes a closer look at ongoing media transformation from the perspective of power shifts, cultural chaos and decentralization. The study looks at different notions and understandings of media transformation in order to further deconstruct the role of external and internal media stakeholders, including the state, political leaders and parties, civil society, journalists and media. The paper argues that power over the media in CEE remains unequally distributed and the potential of digital and social media, which privileges empowering civil society and might improve both the level and quality of participation, is still limited. The chapter ends with a list of recommendations, proposals, and questions for Central and Eastern European studies on democracies and media going forward.

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