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Job Interview Corpus

Data Transcription and Major Topics in Corpus Linguistics

Daniela Wawra

The aim of this book and its accompanying audio files is to make accessible a corpus of 40 authentic job interviews conducted in English. The recordings and transcriptions of the interviews published here may be used by students, teachers and researchers alike for linguistic analyses of spoken discourse and as authentic material for language learning in the classroom. The book includes an introduction to corpus linguistics, offering insight into different kinds of corpora and discussing their main characteristics. Furthermore, major features of the discourse genre job interview are outlined and detailed information is given concerning the job interview corpus published in this book.
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5. Transcription conventions

Extract

16

There is no transcription system that could render precisely each and every small detail of spoken language. There is not one unified transcription system to render spoken discourse. Such a unified transcription system could never adequately represent the different contexts with all their peculiarities in which spoken discourse can occur. Therefore, the transcription system needs to be adapted to the respective context in which the spoken discourse occurs and to the peculiarities of the speech situation. Nevertheless, whatever system you choose, it will remain deficient. The closest you can get to the ‘real’ spoken discourse is by means of a recording which, however, still is just an incomplete re-presentation of the original interview in a new context. With the transcription system used here, two major goals were in the foreground:

1. The transcription of the job interviews should be as adequate as ­possible to render the spoken discourse.

2. The transcription should be as simple as possible to make it easily ­readable.

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