Edited By Jan Kysela
The State and the European Union
I.Transformations of the state and its importance within the European Union
European integration counts among the most important historic movements of our times. The European Union has been significantly transforming the very fundaments of the organisation and functioning of the institutions of its Member States. Therefore, European integration falls within the wider framework of globalisation and other phenomena related to the “hollowing out” of the state - which still commands the strongest means of power, including a monopoly on legal violence, but the scope of its real power has been narrowing and it cedes a range of its decisions to other entities.1
Unlike many other manifestations of globalisation, European integration is a desired and controlled phenomenon. It was established to ensure prosperity and peaceful co-operation among the states of post-war Europe and the welfare of their citizens. The path leading to this aim was to be the self-limitation of states and their submission to common decisions, which conformed to the post-war development of international law. Although the European integration was conceived as an idea of federalisation, it was created as a functionalist project of supranational economic regulation, and has only gradually grown into other areas where the Member States considered it beneficial to act jointly.2 All the subsequent integration steps were connected with conferring new competences upon the European level, and with the deepening or widening of competences that had already been conferred. At the same time, many features functionally equivalent to federalism have...
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