Hans Schwarz zum 75. Geburtstag- Hans Schwarz on the Occasion of his 75 th Birthday
The 39 contributions to this special issue develop the theme Theology in Engagement with Church and Politics from a variety of perspectives. Alongside the exploration of historical aspects, both contemporary political questions and ethical dilemmas are examined. Further contributions are devoted to the reflection upon practical theology, Christian congregational praxis, and contextual studies, which demonstrate the political and cultural relevance of this theme beyond Europe. The international circle of authors is constituted largely of colleagues and students of Professor Hans Schwarz, systematic theologian from Regensburg, Germany. In conjunction with the 2014 University of Regensburg Summer School, the authors dedicate this volume to the lifetime achievement of Hans Schwarz on the occasion of his 75
Romanian-German Relations during the Reign of Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (1688-1714)
Constantin Brâncoveanu, ruler of the Wallachia (1688-1714) and contemporary of Peter the Great, was especially interested in connections with the West. When the Sultan confronted him with the choice of converting to Islam or to lose his life, he and his sons remained steadfast and were decapitated.
It is well known that Constantin Brâncoveanu’s reign represented an apogee in the development of Wallachia (Tara Româneasca), having at the same time influences upon the other Romanian principalities: Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania.1 One of the most interesting chapters is the link with different German cities, among which we can mention Halle. In the following research we refer to a few moments of the Romanian history relations with the University of this town.
The University of Halle had a strong interest in the Orthodox people of the Southeastern Europe since its foundation (1694),2 among which there also are included the Romanians of the three principalities. This explains the presence of numerous documents regarding our people in this library. For instance, there is a portrait of Mihai Viteazul (1593-1601) dated 1675.3 The German historian Edward Winter stated that in 1954 there existed in the same library a prayer book written in Romanian with palaeoslavonic letters, namely in Cyrillic with the title “Preces cum calendario in lingua valachica.”4
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