Hans Schwarz zum 75. Geburtstag- Hans Schwarz on the Occasion of his 75 th Birthday
Edited By Matthias Heesch, Thomas Kothmann and Craig L. Nessan
The 39 contributions to this special issue develop the theme Theology in Engagement with Church and Politics from a variety of perspectives. Alongside the exploration of historical aspects, both contemporary political questions and ethical dilemmas are examined. Further contributions are devoted to the reflection upon practical theology, Christian congregational praxis, and contextual studies, which demonstrate the political and cultural relevance of this theme beyond Europe. The international circle of authors is constituted largely of colleagues and students of Professor Hans Schwarz, systematic theologian from Regensburg, Germany. In conjunction with the 2014 University of Regensburg Summer School, the authors dedicate this volume to the lifetime achievement of Hans Schwarz on the occasion of his 75
The Age against the Church: The French Revolution in the Mémoires of Abbé Augustin de Barruel
Charles J. T. Talar
In Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire du Jacobinisme (1797-1798) Abbé Augustin de Barruel made a case for the French Revolution as a product of a conspiracy against altar, throne and property. Barruel’s work served to attack Roman Catholic Modernism directly, and indirectly the forces of modernity.
In principle, the route traced through the events of the French Revolution by the Abbé Augustin de Barruel (1741-1820) in his multi-volume work, Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire du Jacobinisme (1797-1798) was rather direct.1 The revolution was set forth as the product of a conspiracy against altar, throne and property. In practice, following Barruel’s route could be rather complicated. The revolutionary designs of French Philosophes, Occult Masons and the Bavarian Illuminati were linked to one another, and ultimately combined in the Jacobins. Thus were the designs of decades (or centuries, if one subscribed to the Templar origins of Occult Masonry) put into bloody execution in the French Revolution.
Barruel was far from the first to invoke conspiracy as an explanatory mechanism where the French Revolution was concerned. Both revolutionaries and counter-revolutionaries had already pressed it into service. He did provide the counter-revolutionary version with its definitive synthesis, however. During Barruel’s lifetime the Mémoires were translated into a number of languages and successively reprinted.1 While undergoing something of an eclipse after 1830 they gained a new lease on life at the close of the century. The 1880s saw a resurgence of...
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