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The Snag of The Sword

An Exegetical Study of Luke 22:35-38


Thomas Kattathara

Lk 22:35-38 is peculiar because it is never proclaimed except on Palm Sunday in the Year C. Although it is a pragmatic instruction on mission, it puzzles us like the Apostles in the Upper Room. The Lord shortly before his arrest, asserting the importance of the teaching, mandates preparedness for mission in the post-resurrectional period of the Church. The shepherd must be prepared to defend the sheep under his/her care, even to the extent of being called «lawless» according to world standards. Lk 22:35-38 thus in no way contradicts the prior mission training sendings, rather endows the missionary with greater strategic responsibility and commitment in pastoral care. The book highlights the contextual, hermeneutical, and theological dimensions in the final teaching of Jesus in the Lukan narration.
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Chapter Five. Exegetical Study of Lk 22:35–38


Chapter Five Exegetical Study of Lk 22:35–38

There is no dearth of biblical literature on the Lukan narrative of the Last Supper in Luke. The Lukan narrative of the Last Supper coupled with the final discourse of Jesus is Testamental in its nature. Unlike the other Synoptic writers, the Lukan narrative section is particularly interesting to researchers.

Much of the materials in Lk 22:1–38 have, although not literal, parallels in the other Synoptic writers. But one can vividly see the Lukan impact even in those materials shared by all the Evangelists. There is a relocation of the setting from the Temple where Jesus taught daily (19:45–21:38) to the city places. The intellectual argumentative relation between Jesus and the Jewish leadership shifts in ch. 20 and moves to a secret plot, because of the fear of the crowd, to arrest Jesus (22:1–6). A new character, Satan, is added to the fray (22:3). The Passover meal of liberation (22:1) gives way to the power darkness (22:53).

The Passover meal scene (Lk 22:7–38) has two parts: the preparation for the Passover (vv. 7–13) and the Supper itself (vv. 14–38). However, the Lukan Jesus uses this Passover meal also as an occasion for His farewell speech. Through a prophecy, Jesus instructs the disciples to find the place (vs. 10–12). Jesus proves Himself as the true prophet (cf. Deut 18:22). It...

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