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Old Challenges and New Horizons in English and American Studies

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Edited By Anna Walczuk and Wladyslaw Witalisz

The volume is a collection of essays representative of the wide focus of research encouraged and coordinated by the Polish Association for the Study of English (member of ESSE). Articles selected for the volume deal with works of poetry, drama and prose written in English and invite the reader to view them in the context of intercultural and intertextual discourse. Authors discussed in the articles include: John Redford, William Shakespeare, John Dryden, James Macpherson, John Clare, Anna Radcliffe, Horace Walpole, George Gordon Byron, Charles Dickens, G.K. Chesterton, T.S. Eliot, Virginia Woolf, T.F. Powys, Patrick White, Brian Friel, Brendan Behan, Philip Roth, Alice Walker, Chaim Potok, Ian McEwan, Kiran Desai, and Sarah Kane. In many of the essays the reader will notice a meta-discursive argument on the interplay between tradition and innovation in English studies.
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Scottish Ghosts, English Wraiths:The Supernatural Imagination of Macpherson and Tolkien

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Scottish Ghosts, English Wraiths: The Supernatural Imagination of Macpherson and Tolkien

Anna Bugajska

Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków

In 1760 a young, twenty-six-year-old Scottish schoolmaster, James Macpherson, was induced by his friend, John Home, a dramatist, to translate some bits of old Gaelic poetry they had been recently talking about. Macpherson reluctantly agreed and, as a result, The Poems of Ossian were born: a work that was to move and shake the imagination of Europe and America. The Poems featured a blind bard, Ossian, spinning melancholy epic tales on the tombs of Gaelic heroes. They trasported the awed audience into the world of misty mountains of the Scottish Highlands, peopled with staunch warriors and dark-haired passionate maidens, where the clash of arms mingled with melodious songs, producing a peculiar mixture of wild sweetness, much in demand in the middle of the eighteenth century.

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