Edited By Bernhard Seliger, Jüri Sepp and Ralph Michael Wrobel
Functional Approach to National Systems of Innovation: The Case of a Small Catching - up Country
← 156 | 157 → Dorel Tramm; Kadri Ulkrainski1
Functional Approach to National Systems of Innovation: The Case of a Small Catching-up Country
It is commonly accepted that innovation is a major road for firms and nations to sustain competitiveness in longer perspective. Many authors have pointed to the growing role of knowledge and learning in the economy (e.g. Drucker, 1993; Nonaka, 1991; Florida, Kenney, 1993). The ability to generate new knowledge requires suitably orchestrated system of innovation. This concept proposed by evolutionary economists is built around the idea of systemic approach to innovation that integrates institutions to create, store, and transfer the knowledge, skills and artefacts (OECD, 1999). Although this approach has been widely accepted, it is proven difficult to apply it in specific policy settings, because the approach is too general (Teubal, 2002) and does not provide many direct suggestions for building up an innovation system (hereinafter IS) (Johnson et al., 2003). This is also among the reasons, why the existing innovation policies are considered to follow linear rather than systemic approach to innovation (see for EU Malas-Gallart and Davies (2006), and for CEE countries specifically Tiits et al. (2005)).
The concept has been elaborated more recently by bringing forward specific functions of IS (cf. Högselius, 2006; Jakobsson and Bergek, 2006; Edquist and Hommen, 2008; Johnson, 2008). The discussion of specific functions makes the concept of IS more precise with regard to innovation policy by enabling to link different efforts of...
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