An African-European Research about Arts and Development
Edited By Wolfgang Schneider and Daniel Gad
We Need to Establish Interfaces.Connecting Local Policies for Culture and Global Frameworks
The discussions of the role of culture in development have intensified with the new century. The concepts related to culture (creativity, heritage or diversity) have provided meaning in debates (fight against poverty, sustainable development, urbanisation, governance) on the future of our societies, and some new actors (the world association of cities and local governments – UCLG, or the International Federation of Coalitions for Cultural diversity – IFCD) have emerged with a commitment to analyse and influence these debates. The following paragraphs are the written notes of a speech I had the privilege to deliver in Brasilia on 22 May 2013, at the seminar on Culture and Sustainable Development organised by the European Union and the Government of Brazil. I believe that this speech is a suitable answer to the proposal of writing a text on Agenda 21 for culture.
Development is not understood as it was in 1972, 1987 or 1992. The concept has evolved. Amartya Sen, Arjun Appadurai, Edgar Morin or Martha Nussbaum (to name but a few) wrote their main contributions to what development means today after 1992. These contributions need to be considered.
The understanding of “development” has evolved. Today, development means freedom, widening the choices, putting human beings -children, men and women- at the centre of the future. Yes, development is today “human development”. It has been discussed and agreed, in all social sciences, from philosophy to sociology and geography.
Human beings need to develop capabilities/operational capacities (tools,...
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