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Cognitive Linguistics in the Making


Kinga Rudnicka-Szozda and Aleksander Szwedek

The papers in this book address the most fundamental, currently investigated problems in cognitive linguistics in a wide spectrum of perspectives. Apart from some traditional descriptions of particular metaphors and metonymies, there are analyses of spatio-temporal relations, motion and stillness, iconicity, force dynamics, as well as subjectivity and objectivity in language. The analyses are based on a number of languages: English, Polish, Russian, German, Lithuanian, Italian and Danish. The essays represent case studies, theoretical analyses as well as practical applications.
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Linguistic Force Dynamics and physics



Abstract Force Dynamics, one of the crucial frameworks of cognitive linguistics, was developed by Talmy (1976, 1988, 2000) and adopted by, for example, Sweetser (1982, 1991), Johnson (1987), Jackendoff (1990), Chun & Zubin (1990), Brandt (1992), Deane (1992), Achard (1996), Boye (2001), Vandenberghe (2002) and Da Silva (2003). The paper contains a critical scrutiny of Leonard Talmy’s comparison of linguistically coded Force Dynamics and modern physics (Talmy, 2000, pp. 456–459). It is argued that six out of seven ‘differences’ mentioned by Talmy are in fact similarities. We have also found that on of the crucial notions of Talmy’s Force Dynamics- ‘the intrinsic force tendency’ has no counterpart in either pre-Newtonian theories of force (Aristotle, Philoponus) or intuitive (folk) physics, richly accounted for in numerous empirical studies (e.g., Champagne et al., (1980), Larkin et al., (1980), McCloskey (1983), Halloun et al., (1985), Hammer (1995), diSessa (1988, 1993, 1996))

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